{Top} 30 Parts of sewing machine and details their function

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Sewing Machine is a machine of sewing fabric and other materials together with thread. In 1970, Sewing Machine was first designed by the English innovator Thomas Saist. After that, a lot of modern instrument added to the work needed. This article will help to learn about parts of sewing machine and function.

Parts of sewing machine

Sewing Machine plays an important role in the textile art. A sewing machine makes a basic stitch the same way, with two source of thread. The upper needle holds the thread down into the fabric. It is hood and looped via the bobbin appliance and then pulled back up. The “Feed Dog” turn it along and the next stitch starts. This system is done again and again like a chain.

Top 30 parts of Sewing Machine name with picture

1Head
2Arm
3Bed
4Power switch
5Bobbin
6Bobbin Binder Spindle
7Bobbin Winder Stopper
8Bobbin Winder Thread Guide
9Bobbin Cover
10Bobbin Cover Release button
11Presser foot
12Feed Dogs
13Pattern Selector Dial 
14Stitch Length Dial
15Stitch Width dial
16Hand Wheel 
17Spool Pin
18Reverse stitch lever
19Thread Guide
20Thread tension deal
21The thread takes up the lever
22Needle
23Needle Plate
24Needle Bar
25Needle clamp Serw
26Face Plate
27Tension disc
28Thread Cutter
29Stitch
30LED Light

1. Machine Head:

Machine Head

The complete sewing machine without the box or stand is called a head. There have to parts of the head in a sewing machine.

  1. Arm
  2. Bed

2. Arm:

Handing the upper thread is called arm. The arm is curved part of the sewing machine body containing a mechanism for conducting the needle. It is the largest parts of Sewing Machine.

3. Bed:

Bed of Sewing Machine

The bed is the flat parts of the sewing machine under the feed dog. The whole machine seated upon the bed the machine riding here so that it can work easily.

4. Power Switch:

Power switch means the off-on function of a sewing machine. The power switch is located at the right side under the hand wheel.

5. Bobbin:

A bobbin is a reed or cylinder or wheel with or without flanges on which wire yarn, thread, Cable or film are rounded. Bobbins are usually used in sewing machines cameras and many other electronic devices.

Without Bobbin Sewing machine can’t play. So Bobbin is one of the main parts of sewing Machine under the bed. Even Different Machines Mechanism need different types of the bobbin. When you do embroidery you need Embroidery thread Size, When you do other types of thread work then you have to use a different one.

6. Bobbin Binder Spindle:

It holds the reel of the yarn. Also, control the direction of the yarn as it runs through the machine. By using this bobbin binder you can wind the bobbin with thread.

7. Bobbin Winder stopper:

When bobbin comes at its optimum capacity then bobbin winder stopper stops the bobbin winding.

8. Bobbin Winder Thread Guide:

These types of thread are normally used in bobbin winding time.

9. Bobbin Cover:

The Cover parts of the bobbin and bobbin case is called bobbin cover.

10. Bobbin Cover Release button:

It’s one type of button which is used to release the cover for access to the bobbin.

11. Presser Foot:

A presser foot is a very important part of a sewing machine. Actually, it holds the fabric parallel as it goes through the machine and easily can stitch. A Presser foot always keeps the fabric flat. So that it does not haphazard with the needle and pucker as it is stitched.

Presser’s foot has two digits one is to hold the fabric down another one is holding the needle.

12. Feed Dogs:

This Tool plays a vital role in a sewing machine. Feed dogs are metal teeth plat that spring from a hole in the throat plate of a sewing machine. Its normally oppress the bottom fabric to help it go through the sewing machine and produce a high-quality Stitch. There are Different types of machine different types of feed dogs. SNLS machine has small feed dogs, Overlock machine has 3 types of feed dogs as like below:

  1. Main Feed Dogs
  2. Auxiliary Feed Dogs
  3. Differential Feed Dogs

13. Pattern Selector Dial :

Different types of fabric have to stitch in different ways. The pattern selector dial is used to fix the Symbol of the desired stitch pattern as need.

14. Stitch Length Dial:

Stitch length dial is a bit of math. It is used to determine the length of the stitch of a sewing machine. Maximum Sewing machine denoted Stitch length in millimeters. A 2.5 stitch length means each stitch will be 2.5mm long. The Average stitch length is 2.5 mm.

15.Stitch Width Dial:

Adjusting the width of the stitches when doing zigzag is called stitch width. The stitch width decides how far the stitch will work from side to side. Normally the range starts from “0” to “5mm” on Maximum sewing machine, but it should be wider.

16. Hand Wheel:

A wheel which worked by hand is called a hand wheel. It helps to deride your machine with maximum or minimum volume as you need. It is situated on the right side of the machine.

17. Spool Pin:

A spool pin shape pin, used in the same cylinder locks to foil picking attempts. In a sewing machine, a spool pin is used to keep the small size yarn bundle or thread.

18. Reverse stitch lever:

It’s a bar that raises and down the presser foot. Its located in the back of the machine. If the machine stitches in a reverse way, then it pushed. It transferred the spool thread to bobbin for the 2nd thread.

19. Thread Guide:

It remains the thread in a fixed position and guides the thread from the reel to the needle.

20. Thread Tension dial:

Thread tension dial is used to control the tension of the top thread. if you need to tan the thread, move the dial to a lower number. If you need to lower the tension in the thread, turn the dial to a higher number. If you need to lay out the thread use a very small screwdriver to move the screw on the side of the bobbin case.

21. Thread Take-up lever:

Thread take-up lever pulls the thread from the reel to support it through the machine and take up the thread back up out of the cloth after a stitch has been made.

22. Needle:

It’s a long narrow or thin tool with a pointed apex at one side and a hole on the other side. The hole is used for releasing the thread. Different sizes of the needle are available in the market. It is the main and major parts of the industrial sewing machine. Without needle A machine just like a ship without a rudder.

23. Needle Plate:

Needle Plate

Needle plate is a metal plate which fixed below the needle and presser foot. It helps to pass the fabric smoothly during the sewing.

24. The Needle Bar:

Needle Bar

The needle bar is a steel rod to stay the needle at one end with the help of calm. It’s maintaining of the needle motion. It is the vertical bar of a sewing machine holding the needle. Here the needle is attached to stitch.

25. Needle clamp screw:

Needle clamp screw

 Needle clamp screws its once types of clamp which hold the needle in the actual place.

26. Face Plate:

Face Plate

It’s a cover which helps to mitigate to entry the oiling points on the take-up lever, presser bar, and the needle bar.

27. Tension Disc:

Tension Disc

Two hollow discs put together with the convex sides facing each other. The yarn goes through between the both. Tension disc controls the looseness and tightness of the stitches.

28. Stitch:

The wheal textile side depends on stitch. A stitch is a single movement of yarn. Stitches are the fundamental elements of the textile arts at any sectors like sewing, knitting, embroidery, and needle lace making, whether by hand or machine. By loping stitch on after another you can do different types of design as you want.

29. Thread Cutter:

Thread cutter

Different types of sewing machine Thread cutting function also different. In some modern machines, there has an attachment of a cutter behind the needle. It is located on the left side of the machine.

30. LED Light:

Sewing Machine LED light

A sewing machine LED light as like a table lamp or reading lamp. This LED light one of the external parts of the sewing machine. This LED light help to see the needle point and get the quality stitch. Different types of portable LED light available in the market. Garments manufacturing industry easily reduce their Electricity cost using this LED light.